미국 고등학생들의 성관계 실태조사결과


(클릭 : 원본이미지 )
미국 오하이오주립대 사회학자가 고등학생들의 성관계 실태를 표본조사해 만든 지도가 공개되었다.

연구결과에 따르면 832명의 학생중 최근 6개월간 절반가량이 성행위를 했으며, 이중 288명은 성관계 상대가 간접적으로 전체가 연결되어 있었고, 126명만 1대1의 성관계를 가진것으로 조사되었다.

남성 1명 여성 2명의 남성형 양다리 관계는 12건, 여성 1명 남자 2명의 여성형 양다리 관계는 9건, 여성 1명 남성 3명은 2건 그 반대는 1건으로 조사되었고, 가장 복잡한 관계를 한 남성은 8명의 여학생 및 1명의 남성과 관계를 맺은것으로 조사되었다.

이번 조사결과 10대 청소년들은 성적활동이 활발한 집단과 그렇지 않은 집단과 양분화되어 있으며, 성병예방은 성적활동이 활발한 공동체집단(?)에 소속된 당사자 위주의 집중적인 예방활동이 필요한것으로 나타났다.



-.- 저놈… 1명의 남자와.. ;;; @.@ 저건 머야…. ㅋ
찾기힘들다면…
[#M_ 여길 눌러주세용 <-- | 감춰줘~~~ |
_M#]

[#M_ 원문 보기(Eng) | 원문 그만보기 |
Researchers Map the Sexual Network of an Entire High School

COLUMBUS, Ohio – For the first time, sociologists have mapped the romantic and sexual relationships of an entire high school over 18 months, providing evidence that these adolescent networks may be structured differently than researchers previously thought.

James Moody
The results showed that, unlike many adult networks, there was no core group of very sexually active people at the high school. There were not many students who had many partners and who provided links to the rest of the community.

Instead, the romantic and sexual network at the school created long chains of connections that spread out through the community, with few places where students directly shared the same partners with each other. But they were indirectly linked, partner to partner to partner. One component of the network linked 288 students – more than half of those who were romantically active at the school – in one long chain. (See figure for a representation of the network.)

James Moody, co-author of the study and professor of sociology at Ohio State University, said this network could be compared to rural phone lines, running from a long main trunk line to individual houses. As a comparison, many adult sexual networks are more like an airline hub system where many points are connected to a small number of hubs.

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While many students were connected to much larger networks, they probably didn’t see it that way, Moody said. In fact, they probably had no idea of their connections to the network. “Many of the students only had one partner. They certainly weren’t being promiscuous. But they couldn’t see all the way down the chain.”
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“We went into this study believing we would find a core model, with a small group of people who are sexually active,” Moody said. “We were surprised to find a very different kind of network.”

The results have implications for designing policies to stop the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents, he said.

The study was conducted by Peter Bearman of Columbia University, Moody, and Katherine Stovel of the University of Washington. The results were published in a recent issue of the American Journal of Sociology.

The researchers used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. As part of that study in 1995, researchers interviewed nearly all students at an unidentified Midwestern school that they renamed “Jefferson High School.” It is an almost all-white school, and is the only public high school in this mid-sized city, which is more than an hour away from the nearest metropolitan area.

Researchers interviewed 832 of the approximately 1,000 students at the school. Students were asked to identify their sexual and romantic partners in the past 18 months from a roster of other students attending their school. (Romantic relationships were ones in which the students named the other as a romantic partner. Non-romantic sexual partners were those in which the participants said they had sexual intercourse, but were not dating).

Slightly more than half of all students reported having sexual intercourse, a rate comparable to the national average. The researchers mapped the network structure of the 573 students involved in a romantic or sexual relationship.

Moody said the results generate a snapshot of the network of romantic and sexual relations among teens attending the school in this 18-month period –- the first such image of an entire population such as this.

The most striking feature of the network was a single component that connected 52 percent (288) of the romantically involved students at Jefferson. This means student A had relations with student B, who had relations with student C and so on, connecting all 288 of these students.

While this component is large, it has numerous short branches and is very broad – the two most distant individuals are 37 steps apart. (Or to use a currently popular term, there were 37 degrees of separation between the two most-distant students.)

“From a student’s perspective, a large chain like this would boggle the mind,” Moody said. “They might know that their partner had a previous partner. But they don’t think about the fact that this partner had a previous partner, who had a partner, and so on.

“What this shows, for the first time, is that there are many of these links in a chain, going far beyond what anyone could see and hold in their head.”

Outside of this large component, there were numerous other smaller components in the network at Jefferson High. There were 63 simple pairs – two individuals whose only partnership was with each other.
All told, only 35 percent of the romantically active students (189) were involved in networks containing three or fewer students. There were very few components of intermediate size (4 to 15) students.

While many students were connected to much larger networks, they probably didn’t see it that way, Moody said. In fact, they probably had no idea of their connections to the network.

“Many of the students only had one partner. They certainly weren’t being promiscuous. But they couldn’t see all the way down the chain.”

The surprising thing about the network at Jefferson High was the near absence of cycling –- situations in which people have relationships with others close to them on the network, Moody said.

The lack of cycling seems traceable to rules that adolescents have about who they will not date. The teens will not date (from a female perspective) one’s old boyfriend’s current girlfriend’s old boyfriend. This would be considered taking “seconds” in a relationship.

“If you break up with someone, you may want to get as away from them as possible in your next relationship. You don’t want to be connected to them in some way by dating someone with a close relationship,” Moody said.

The practical result from such a rule is that no cores form, and that long, chain-like networks form instead. That has important implications for preventing the spread of STDs in teenage populations, according to Moody, Bearman and Stovel.

In adult populations, in which there are cores of sexually active people who are the main conduits of disease, you can focus education and other efforts to this select group.

But in the case of adolescents, “there aren’t any hubs to target, so you have to focus on broad-based interventions,” Moody said. “You can’t just focus on a small group.”

This also means it matters less which people you reach with your efforts. Networks such as the one seen in Jefferson High are extremely fragile and just breaking one link in the chain – any link – will stop that part of the network from spreading any further. If enough links are broken, the spread of STDs can be radically limited.

“The students in this network are not unusual. They are just average students, and not extremely active sexually. So social policies that could help some of them protect themselves from STDs could break a lot of these chains that can lead to the spread of disease.”

출처 : OSU Research News
_M#]

번역문 출처 : 비씨파크

큐브 4 x 4 x 4 마지막 단계

1-1. 두개의 모서리가 바뀐부분

 (당연히 뒷면은 빨간색 윗면, 파란색 뒷면 이겠죠?? ^^)

1-2. 대각선 두개의 귀퉁이


1-3. 인접한 두개의 귀퉁이

이러한 경우 아래 공식을 사용한다.

r2 U2 r2 U2 // u2 r2 u2

2. 모서리 뒤집힘 (일명 ‘토끼이빨’ 이랍니다.)


이러한 경우 아래 공식을 사용한다.

r2 B2 // U2 l U2 r’ U2 r U2 // F2 r F2 l’ // B2 r2

드뎌.. 4 x 4 x 4 … 완료했습니다.. 으하하하하 +_+V

p.s //
위 해법은 다음 루빅스큐브 까페에서 얻은 솔루션 입니다.
까페 : http://cafe.daum.net/rubikscube

우하하.. 일찍일어났다..

-0- 오만년 만에 일찍일어났다…

머 그렇다고.. 별빛보면서 일어난건 아니고..

8시 쪼꼼 넘어서인가?? @.@

어제 졸립다고 누워있다가.. 걍 잠들어버린탓에..

형광등은 켜있고…

-.- 깊이 잠들지 못한 탓에… 으흐흐흐.. 피곤해.. ㅡㅜ

눈도아포…. 좋은거야 .. 나쁜거야…???

Lineage II 에 MSN 메신저가~

2005년 01월 19일 NCsoft // Lineage II 홈페이지 공지사항입니다.

제목 : 리니지II안에 MSN 메신저가 들어온다.

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▶프리뷰사이트
크로니클3 프리뷰 사이트에서는 추가된 내용은 다음과 같습니다.
 ⊙ MSN 메신저
 게임 내외에서 편리하게 커뮤니케이션이 가능한 MSN 메신저가 게임 내에 구현됩니다.
 MSN 메신저는 전세계 1억4천5백만명 이상의 월 사용자를 확보하고 있는
 세계에서 가장 인기 있는 인스턴트 메신저입니다.

[#M_ [글 더보기] | [글 접기] |

게임 이상의 게임
리니지II와 MSN 메신저의 결합은 온라인게임이 일반적인 인식상의 게임의 수준을 넘어서고 있음을 보여줍니다. 함께 게임을 즐기는 사람뿐 아니라 게임 속에서 메신저에 등록된 게임 밖의 지인(知人)들과 커뮤니케이션 할 수 있어 게임을 즐기면서 더 많은 사람들과 한층 자유롭게 커뮤니케이션 할 수 있습니다. 향후 다양한 인터넷 서비스들이 게임을 중심으로 통합될 것이며 온라인게임은 인터넷시대 새로운 플랫폼으로 부상될 전망입니다. 리니지II는 이를 주도하여 앞으로 새로운 온라인 게임의 미래를 열어가겠습니다.

온라인게임 기술/서비스의 진보
온라인게임은 게임 자체에 대한 기술적 발전은 물론, 게임을 통해 다양한 활동과 체험을 할 수 있도록 하는 새로운 시도를 하고 있습니다. 리니지II의 MSN 메신저 탑재는 게임 기술과 서비스의 결합을 보여주는 것으로 앞으로도 다양한 기술과 서비스를 도입하여 저희 리니지II가 최고의 온라인 게임으로 거듭날 수 있도록 노력하겠습니다.

한층 새로워진 리니지II 크로니클3, ‘눈뜨는 어둠(Rise of Darkness)’은 오는 27일 테스트서버를 통해 공개되며, 크로니클3에서 리니지II를 통한 MSN 메신저 이용이 가능하게 됩니다.
테스트 서버 프론티어 모집이 오늘부터 1월 20일까지 진행되오니 크로니클3를 가장 먼저 만나실 분들은 20일까지 신청을 해주시기 바랍니다. _M#].
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이미지는 NCSoft 리니지2 프리뷰 사이트에서 스샷 떠온것입니다.

리니지2 : http://lineage2.co.kr

참으로 대단한것 같다..
각종 메신저 에서도 취소되었던 MSN 연동기능이..
게임 안으로 들어왔다니…

역시.. 돈이면 안되는게 없는건가??
힘이란.. 과연….

연예인 X파일

우연하게(?) 그 파워포인트 문서를 보았죠..
씁쓸하기도하고… 참 난감한 문제가 사회에 내놓아졌다고 봅니다.
문서를 작성한 곳에서 장난 삼아 만들지는 않았을테고 파워포인트 100페이지 분량이라면 많은 조사들도했을테고..
전부 거짓이라고 보이지는 않습니다. 리스크를 줄이기위해 어느정도 도움될 만한 내용을
담으려고 노력했지만…
음.. 많은 루머들이 담겨져 있더군요..
사실인지 아닌지는 본인들이 더 잘고있겠죠 ..
세상 살기도 힘든데.. 자꾸 얼굴 찡그리는 일들이 터지네요..

머 상관없습니다. 사실이면 어떻고 또 아니면 어떤가요~
다만 사람을 몇가지로 판단한다는 이런 사회가 싫증날 뿐이죠.